DNV GL has identified battery storage chemistries, high-temperature heat pumps and green hydrogen as key technologies for the next 10 years.
On 26 February, it published its Technology Outlook for the Power and Renewables industry, setting out how the aforementioned breakthrough technologies will significantly decarbonise industries such as energy, transport and heating over the next decade. It explained that the first phase of the energy transition had focused on decarbonising the power sector with the second now centred on the global need to limit carbon emissions, with attentions turning to harder to decarbonise CO2 intensive industries.
New battery storage chemistries will see solid-state batteries take the lead, driven by demand to decarbonise the transport sector, paving the way for next generation electric vehicles (EVs). It noted solid-state battery technology has the potential to address most of the concerns with the current lithium-ion batteries with them having three times higher energy density and potentially double the cycle life.
The next decade will also see the evolution of high temperature heat pumps. DNV GL set out how its research had shown the technological advancement of heat pumps could meet the energy demands of industrial processes requiring a temperature of up to 200°C, with these new types of high temperature heat pumps commercially available by 2030. It also tipped green hydrogen to compete against blue hydrogen by 2030 as costs decrease, creating new applications for decarbonising the heat and transport sectors.